WHITE PAPER

WHITE PAPER

Mission

Re-Invent Democracy International will incorporate into its Global Social Network for Voters a unique combination of blockchain, artificial intelligence, and Web 3.o social computing technologies, for the purpose of empowering voters worldwide to democratize, decentralize and disintermediate dysfunctional governing institutions and processes that are causing a dramatic decline in fully functioning democracies around the world.

The network is designed to decentralize the locus of power exercised in governments throughout the world by enabling voters at the grassroots to disintermediate the impediments in electoral and legislative processes that prevent ordinary people from controlling elections and legislation.

It will enable voters to re-invent democracy technologically by providing them online tools and services through which they can exercise their civic, political and human rights. They will be able to build self-organizing, voter-controlled voting blocs, political parties, and electoral coalitions that can grow large enough electoral bases to determine who runs for office, who gets elected, and what laws are passed.

The Global Social Network for Voters will create the world’s first large scale consensus-building and conflict-resolving platform by empowering voters worldwide to overcome the increasing numbers of “democratic deficits” that are creating failed and failing democracies worldwide.

The network and platform will incorporate:

  1. Blockchain technology to protect the identity and confidentiality of voters worldwide.
  2. Artificial Intelligence and Web 3.0 social computing technology to facilitate collective decision-making and intelligence generation.
  3. The patented Interactive Voter Choice System that provides every voter unique online agenda setting, political organizing, and consensus-building tools and services.

 

Key Consequences of “Democratic Deficits”

 

I. Worldwide Decline of Trust in Government

According to the Edelman Trust Barometer, government “is the least trusted institution globally.” 2015 witnessed a ‘plunge of trust in government due to stalemate and perceived incapacity.’”

Lack of trust in government is particularly evident in the U.S.

“Nine in 10 Americans lack confidence in the country’s political system . . .  there are few partisan differences in the public’s lack of faith in the political parties, the nomination process, and the branches of government.” AP-NORC.

 

II. Worldwide Decline of Democracy

In 2015 alone, 72 countries became less democratic, as reported in The Guardian View on Democracy. According to the 2015 Democracy Index of the Economist Intelligence Unit,

“The number of ‘full democracies’ is low, at only 20 countries, comprising only 8.9% of the world population. 59 countries are rated as ‘flawed democracies’, comprising 39.5% of the world population. Of the remaining 88 countries … 51 are ‘authoritarian’, comprising 34.1% of the world population; and 37 are considered to be ‘hybrid regimes’, comprising 17.5% of the world population.”

 

III. Worldwide Spread of Political Violence

Concomitant to the lost of trust in government and the decline of democracy around the world is the global spread of socio-political unrest and political violence.

According to the 2015 Global Peace Index of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), there has been an historic decline in world peace during the past decade, with only 10 countries in the world that are free of conflict.

The total number of conflicts rose sharply from 31 in 2010 to 40 in 2014. Terrorism is at an all time high, with all but two regions recording an increase over the past decade. Battle deaths from conflicts are at a 25 year high.

According to the IEP, the links between democratic governance failures, political conflicts and political violence have been identified in research conducted by the World Bank and others. This research indicates that “the risk of conflict is higher in countries where the government tends to infringe on the fundamental rights of its citizens.” They are countries deficient in the rule of law, political rights and civil liberties, and honest elections.

 

IV. Increased Civilian Vulnerability

The numbers of people caught in the crossfires of violent conflicts and extreme weather are leading to increased deaths, injuries, as well as loss of sustainable habitats, livelihoods and property.

Growing risks to human survivability are reported in research conducted by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) showing that in 2015 alone, 27.8 million people in 127 countries were displaced by conflicts, violence and disasters.

By mid-2017, the number of displaced persons was fast approaching 100 million, including those displaced internally within their home countries as well as externally across the borders of their home countries.

 

Key Causes of “Democratic Deficits”

“Democratic deficits” associated with these threats to humanity’s survivability include the following:

  • Weakening of voters’ political influence and ability to decide who runs for office, who gets elected, and what laws are passed.
  • Increased influence of undemocratic political parties, politicians, elected representatives and the special interests that finance their campaigns and dictate their legislative actions and votes.
  • Increased efforts by political parties to interfere with the exercise of voters’ sovereignty in elections by preventing them from determining the legislative agendas of parties and candidates, their slates of party candidates placed on election ballots, and the actions and votes of their elected representatives and decision-makers.
  • Voters’ inability to decrease the tendencies of their governments to use force to resolve conflicts rather than non-violent methods such as diplomacy, multi-party mediation techniques.
  • Increasing disconnect between the needs, wants, and demands of ordinary people and the actions taken by government officials
  • Increasing voter dissatisfaction with traditional political parties and party politicians, especially those who pass legislation demanded by special interests that finance their election campaigns.
  • Increasing numbers of upset elections, anti-government protests, and confrontations between the public and police, including resort to extra-legal actions and the use of force.
  • Increasing use of a variety mechanisms that weaken popular influence over government, and obstruct the exercise of popular sovereignty in elections and legislative decision-making.
  • Suppression of votes, including the use of electronic voting technology that prevents voters from voting; falsifies the tallies of votes cast; and uses falsified tallies to legitimize the election of officials who did not actually win elections.
  • Increasing legislative gridlocks and paralysis resulting from polarizing disagreements and conflicts contrived by political parties and politicians seeking political advantages.
  • Lack of effective and scalable consensus-building and conflict resolving mechanisms.
  • Actions by unaccountable government decision-makers that increase conflicts, social unrest, and political violence.
  • Escalation and global spread of violent conflicts in which nation-states and non-state groups fight each other and entrap innocent civilians in their crossfire.
  • Failure of governments to take effective action domestically and internationally to stop extreme weather and climate destruction that is escalating deaths, injuries, displacements and the destruction of habitats and property.

 

How the Network Will Surmount the Challenges

The technological infrastructure of the Global Social Network for Voters will empower voters to surmount these challenges in the following ways:

I. The agenda setting, political organizing and consensus- building tools and services of the Interactive Voter Choice System will enable voters to build voting blocs, political parties and electoral coalitions large enough to win elections — without financing by special interests seeking to sway electoral outcomes and legislative enactments in ways that benefit special interests rather than the public interest.

The system was invented by the Swiss-American founder of Re-Invent Democracy International and patented by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). A companion technology, the System for Playing an Interactive Voter Choice Game, also patented by the USPTO, is a revenue generating multi-party game of electoral strategy designed to accelerate players’ learning curves for using the Interactive Voter Choice System.

II. Artificial Intelligence and Web 3.0 social computing and collective intelligence generating technology will enable large numbers of voters to collectively formulate and implement legislative policies and programs solutions and build consensus across ideological and partisan lines

III. Blockchain technology will protect voters’ identity and confidentiality of their communications while providing a firm basis by which voter-controlled voting blocs, political parties and electoral coalitions can determine their voting strength.

 

Primary among the numerous root causes of the challenges listed above are political parties, party-backed politicians and officeholders, and the special interests that finance their electoral campaigns in order to win election campaigns, and buy votes of elected officials in order to sway the outcomes of legislative decision-making,

These parties, politicians and special interests are able to control elections and legislation by implementing a variety of mechanisms that limit the power and influence of voters at the grassroots.

These mechanisms reduce voters to ghost-like apparitions trapped inside electoral machines controlled by political parties, politicians and special interests. They use elections to compel voters to transfer voters’ sovereignty to unaccountable elected and appointed officials who are free to pass laws that disregard voters’ actual needs, wants and demands.

First and foremost among these mechanisms is the refusal of the large majority of political parties to allow voters to set their legislative agendas and decide who will run on party tickets on election ballots. The result of this refusal is that voters are compelled to choose among candidates who are already on the ballot, have adopted legislative agendas over which voters have little influence, and will pass laws that disregard voters’ needs and priorities.

While the blatant interference by parties and politicians with the exercise of popular sovereignty is among the most harmful consequences of the implementation of mechanisms that cripple democratic institutions and processes, this interference is among the challenges that are most easily surmounted by the technology of the Global Social Network for Voters and the democratizing tools and services it provides voters worldwide.

Given the entrenchment of undemocratic political parties, it is clear that crippled democratic institutions and processes cannot easily be changed in the near term using traditional reform mechanisms.

These difficulties make it increasingly unlikely that effective governmental responses to life-threatening global risks to the planet’s sustainability and the spread of armed conflicts will be formulated and implemented before irreversible “tipping points” are reached.

To prevent these dire consequences, the founding team of Re-Invent Democracy International, which is incorporated in Switzerland, has created the Global Social Network for Voters — the world’s first large scale, voter-driven consensus-building and conflict resolution platform.

The core technological component of the network is the Interactive Voter Choice System (U.S. Patent No. 7,953,628). This technology is quite possibly the only solution to the myriad causes of failed and failing democracies and the cascade of dire threats and consequences they are engendering. The network and system empowers voters to institute democratically-controlled elections and legislation in the near-term, directed from the “bottom up” by the people that governments must serve, rather than from the “top down” by democratically unaccountable political parties and politicians.

It enables voters worldwide, across the ideological and political spectrum, to collaborate online to democratically and consensually gain control of electoral and legislative processes — and use them to ensure that governments effectively and equitably protect the lives and well-being of all their constituents.

This technology, however, does not require changes in the way actual electoral and legislative processes are conducted, nor governmental approval of the technology. It is not an “e-voting” application such as those designed for actual elections. What it provides is an online consensus-building “common ground”, accessible via the World Wide Web, through which voters around the world can join forces to individually and collectively set common legislative agendas, and strategize about how to get their agendas implemented legislatively at decision-making levels and locales of their choice.

Similar to Facebook’s social network, which connects 1 billion friends and family members per day, the Company’s network will connect voters worldwide to each other for the purpose of controlling their governments to ensure they protect the lives and well-being of all their constituents.

It combines the large scale collective action power of the Internet with transpartisan political consensus building tools that empower voters across the spectrum to connect to each other online to build broad-based consensus around collectively set transpartisan legislative agendas. It enables them to adopt common transpartisan slates of electoral candidates and build transpartisan electoral bases large enough to elect them.

Currently, no political party or government has created a mechanism that enables unlimited numbers of voters to define, share, update, collectively reconcile, and publicize their legislative priorities.

Electorates have grown so large and so diverse that their priorities across the board are unknown, creating severe impediments to democratic governance by elected representatives. Not only are many parties and politicians reluctant to collect such information, as it might tie their hands legislatively, but even if they were not reluctant, they do not have systematic, publicly available mechanisms that enable voters to define their priorities across the board, reconcile them consensually and collectively into common legislative agendas, and nominate representatives of their choice to enact them.

It is the lack of such mechanisms and voter-defined priorities that enables lawmakers elected through undemocratic institutions and processes to claim that their legislative acts are in response to the demands of their constituents — even though they do not know what their constituents’ priorities are, across the board, and voters have no way of articulating and publicizing them. The result is that small numbers of elected representatives enact and implement legislation in the name of large numbers of virtually powerless voters who lack effective mechanisms for controlling the elections through which they gain office, or their legislative actions once they are in office.

Of pivotal significance is the fact that the Global Social Network for Voters will enable voters worldwide to devise and implement legislation not only in their home countries, but also beyond their borders by forming transnational, voter-controlled voting blocs, political parties, and electoral coalitions that can act domestically and transnationally simultaneously. These organizations can create homologue organizations at the nation-state level that can influence domestic electoral and legislative processes and their outcomes. Most importantly, they can decide how and by whom their countries will be represented in these organizations and the agendas they pursue.

At the present time, there are no similar mechanisms capable of empowering voters worldwide to devise peace plans to end transnational conflicts and policies to end climate destruction, and implement their plans and policies by electing government officials of their choice mandated to enact them.

The tools and services provided by the Global Social Network for Voters empower voters worldwide to simulateneously gain control of both elections and legislation by building voter-controlled online voting blocs, political parties, and electoral coalitions (BPCs) around common legislative agendas to elect lawmakers of their choice.

BPCs blend direct democracy with representative democracy by formulating laws of their own and using their BPCs and BPC legislative agendas to direct the legislative actions of the representatives they elect, including using the network’s voting utility to vote on referenda, initiatives, petitions and recall votes. They can publish the results and use them to pressure their representatives to adhere to their agendas.

Significantly, they will be able to join forces online to collectively mandate the enactment of virtually unlimited numbers of laws that are logically and coherently interconnected — unlike typical legislative enactments that consist of sequences of disconnected laws that often contradict each other.

The voter-controlled, online political organizations they create to bring about this paradigm shift in how legislative priorities are set differ from traditional blocs, parties and coalitions that voters do not control because they interconnect voters across ideological and partisan lines to forge collective consensus around common transpartisan legislative agendas.

Unlike traditional BPCs that divide voters ideologically, the members of these new organizations will be motivated to unite voters around transpartisan agendas in order to create transpartisan electoral bases large enough to elect representatives of their choice to enact their agendas. BPCs that fail to reach out to voters across the ideological and political spectrum are unlikely to grow large enough to win elections.

BPCS will develop unprecedented “collective intelligence” and collective decision-making capabilities by bringing large numbers of well-informed voters into all stages of legislative processes, to supplement and surpass the small numbers of often ill-informed, biased and conflict-producing legislators who make decisions for entire electorates.

They will be the engines for the development of the ever increasing capacity of the world’s electorates as a whole to interconnect to each other to collectively devise solutions to present and future threats to the planet’s sustainability and humanity’s survivability — and elect representatives to enact them.

In addition to these key attributes, BPCs have the following capabilities:

  • They can operate domestically, within nation-states, as well as transnationally, across borders. A single BPC can devise solutions to problems, crises and conflicts anywhere, at any level. Members of transnational BPCs can create domestic BPCs in order to mobilize mainstream voters in specific countries to elect lawmakers to enact transnational BPC agendas, addressing any domestic, transnational and global problems, crises and conflicts they wish.
  • BPCs can interconnect mainstream voters with non-voters within single countries across ideological and partisan lines, as well as with displaced persons, refugees, and migrants residing inside and outside their borders. They can exchange views and build consensus around collectively set agendas for enacting legislation within a specific nation-state addressing issues of their choice.
  • They can devise and enact solutions to threats to their welfare that they feel have been ignored or inappropriately addressed by incumbent lawmakers, such as the devastating effects of disruptive climate change, the global spread of asymmetric warfare between nation-state and non-state actors, global pandemics, etc.
  • Consensus-building BPCs can engage in internal institution building by changing laws, regulations and rules affecting electoral processes that determine who can run for office, who gets elected, and what laws are passed. They can direct the representatives they elect to overturn restrictive and unfair voting laws and enact legislation that prevents vote rigging and vote suppression.
  • BPC members can hold lawmakers accountable at the polls by defeating them if think they have failed to exert their best efforts to enact BPC agendas. They can also remove corrupt lawmakers and uses their BPCs to supplant political parties corrupted by special interests.
  • BPCs can diminish the influence of biased mass media by compiling, sharing, evaluating and interpreting alternative sources of information, and using their own curated information to circumvent political disinformation designed to confuse voters and interfere with their understanding of political issues and grasp of the full range of possible legislative options and configurations that best serve their interests.

Note: Electoral candidates, incumbent lawmakers and traditional BPCs that wish to build a winning base of popular electoral support, in which they collaborate with present and future supporters to set and enact common legislative agendas, can also use the Company’s Global Social Network for Voters. They can do so individually and independently, or collaborate through their own political organizations with voter-controlled BPCs through coalitions they conjointly agree to create and manage.

Similarly, civil society organizations, issue groups, associations, and unions, for example, can also use the network to build BPCs independently and/or collaboratively. By building large transpartisan electoral bases, all democracy stakeholders using the network can elect representatives of their choice without campaign financing by special interests that later dictate representatives’ legislative actions after they are elected. Lawmakers will be able to concentrate on legislating rather than fund-raising, and on implementing the agendas of their constituents rather than the agendas of special interests.

Conclusion

Given the lack of internal levers by which voters can reform failed and failing democracies, Re-Invent Democracy International’s and the Interactive Voter Choice System provide a universal, near-term technological solution by which voters can re-invent democratically unaccountable governments.

This 21st century web-based technology, which enables voters to blend direct and representative forms of democracy, can be implemented by citizens and voters autonomously online without changing existing laws.

The technology will enable large numbers of well-informed, consensus-building citizens to replace the small numbers of conflict-producing, politically polarizing political parties and lawmakers that typically ignore voters’ priorities in favor of their own preferences — and those of special interests that finance their electoral campaigns.

It is the next step in the technological evolution of government “by and for the people”. Voluminous research has demonstrated unequivocally that large numbers of people make better decisions than small numbers of people, especially in large complex systems such as governments.

The Global Social Network for Voters empowers virtually unlimited numbers of citizens to make better decisions and formulate better laws than the small numbers of lawmakers who far too often make ill-conceived decisions and undemocratically enact laws voters oppose.